Fuel, Vol.84, No.17, 2196-2203, 2005
Prediction of unburned carbon and NOx in a tangentially fired power station using single coals and blends
Coal blends are now widely used by the power generation industry and the general characteristics are well known. Attention is still directed to the emission of NOx, which is subject to more stringent regulation, and to the amount of carbon in ash. The latter is increased when low NOx burners are employed, which is the norm now. It is also increased as a result of additional air staging when over-fire air is added in furnaces, especially tangential fired systems. Such a furnace is studied here. Two approaches can be employed for prediction of NOx and unburned carbon. The first approach uses global models such as the 'slice' model which requires the combustor reaction conditions as an input but which has a detailed coal combustion mechanism. The second involves a computational fluid dynamic model that in principle can give detailed information about all aspects of combustion, but usually is restricted in the detail of the combustion model because of the heavy computational demands. The slice model approach can be seen to be complimentary to the CFD approach since the NOx and carbon burnout is computed using the slice model as a post-processor to the CFD model computation. The slice model that has been used previously by our group is applied to a commercial tangentially fired combustor operated in Spain and using a range of Spanish coals and imported coals, some of which are fired as blends. The computed results are compared with experimental measurements, and the accuracy of the approach assessed. The CFD model applied to this case is one of the commercial codes modified to use a number of coal combustion sub-models developed by our group. In particular it can use two independent streams of coal and as such it can be used for the combustion of coal blends. The results show that both model approaches can give good predictions of the NOx and carbon in ash despite the fact that certain parts of the coal combustion models are not exactly the same. However, if a detailed insight into the combustor behaviour is required then the CFD model must be used. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.