Bioresource Technology, Vol.103, No.1, 322-328, 2012
Exploiting metagenomic diversity for novel polyhydroxyalkanoate synthases: Production of a terpolymer poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate-co-3-hydroxyoctanoate) with a recombinant Pseudomonas putida strain
A metagenomic library of 2.1 x 10(6) clones was constructed using oil-contaminated soil from Gujarat (India). One of the fosmid clones, 40N22, encodes a polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase showing 76% identity with an Alcaligenes sp. synthase. The corresponding gene was expressed in Pseudomonas putida KT2440 Delta phaC1 which is impaired in PHA production. The gene conferred the recombinant strain PpKT-40N22 with the ability to produce copolymers with up to 21% in medium-chain-length content. Thus, 37% and 45% of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate-co-3-hydroxyoctanoate), respectively were obtained when using sodium heptanoate and oleic acid as carbon sources. These 3-hydroxybutyrate-(3HB)-based polymers are of interest since they incorporate the properties of medium chain length polymers and thus increase the range of applications of PHAs. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.