화학공학소재연구정보센터
International Journal of Multiphase Flow, Vol.25, No.8, 1619-1643, 1999
Grid-averaged Lagrangian LES model for multiphase turbulent flow
A grid-averaged Lagrangian (GAL) model for dispersed particle motion in multiphase turbulent flow is presented to provide a large eddy simulation (LES) model for multiphase turbulent flow in which a quite large number of particles are involved. The GAL model is based on an averaging operation for a Lagrangian-type equation of motion of a particle over a computational grid volume and a procedure of reallocation of a dispersed particle cloud with its centroid movement to each grid. The model is therefore a mixed Eulerian-Lagrangian model which can effectively reduce computational time compared with existing Lagrangian-type models, without losing the advantage of Lagrangian-type models that they can properly describe; the dynamical evolution of particles. Since the GAL model adopts the grid-volume averaging operation it can easily provide an effective SGS model for LES modeling of multiphase turbulent flow. The validity of the multiphase LES model developed, which is named the GAL-LES model, is confirmed through its application to a particle plume, in which the present model is found to simulate large-eddy motion usually observed in a jet and plume, and to give good agreements with experimental data.