화학공학소재연구정보센터
Bioresource Technology, Vol.102, No.2, 1783-1787, 2011
Enhanced production of validamycin A by H2O2-induced reactive oxygen species in fermentation of Streptomyces hygroscopicus 5008
A novel fermentation strategy to enhance antibiotics production was demonstrated by inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS), and validamycin A (VAL-A) production by Streptomyces hygroscopicus 5008 in agro-industrial residues containing medium was taken as an example. By optimizing H2O2 amount and addition time, the intracellular ROS level was increased, and VAL-A production titer was enhanced by 40% on day 4 when 25 mu M H2O2 was added at 8th h of fermentation. Addition of diphenyleneiodonium chloride (ROS inhibitor) reduced the H2O2 induction effect. The transcription level of eight VAL-A structure genes was enhanced by ROS, and activities of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and ValG enzyme were increased while glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity was inhibited. This work demonstrated that ROS induction was a useful strategy for VAL-A fermentation, and the information on gene transcription and enzyme activities may be helpful to further understanding the mechanism of ROS effect on the antibiotic biosynthesis. (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd.