Bioresource Technology, Vol.100, No.1, 338-344, 2009
Biocatalytic conversion of wheat bran hydrolysate using an immobilized GH43 beta-xylosidase
To investigate the concept of a xylosidase-based process for the continuous production of xylose from arabinoxylan-containing feedstocks, a beta-xylosidase from Bacillus halodurans C-125 was immobilized and deployed in packed bed reactor (PBR). Among the several immobilization methods tested, glutaraldehyde-mediated immobilization on chitosan was the best both in terms of immobilization and activity yields (91% and 72.9%, respectively). In batch experiments the immobilized enzyme hydrolyzed wheat bran hydrolysates quite efficiently, consuming nearly all xylobiose and xylotriose after 6 h. Its reusability showed only a 50% decrease of its activity after 92 h. Using the chitosan-immobilized beta-xylosidase in a PBR, xylose productivity was 7.2 g xylose l(-1) h(-1) and the conversion factor was 0.55 (derived from initial xylose in the substrate). The operational stability of the PBR was good, because only 25% of productivity was lost after the treatment of three batches of substrate over a 72-h period. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.