Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.424, No.2, 257-261, 2012
A simple, rapid, and sensitive system for the evaluation of anti-viral drugs in rats
The lack of small animal models for the evaluation of anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) agents hampers drug development. Here, we describe the establishment of a simple and rapid evaluation system in a rat model without animal infection facilities. After intraperitoneal administration of test drugs to rats, antiviral activity in the sera was examined by the MAGI assay. Recently developed inhibitors for HIV-1 entry, two CXCR4 antagonists, TF14016 and FC131, and four fusion inhibitors, T-20, T-20EK, SC29EK, and TRI-1144, were evaluated using HIV-1(IIIB) and HIV-1(BaL) as representative CXGR4- and CCR5-tropic HIV-1 strains, respectively. CXCR4 antagonists were shown to only possess anti-HIV-1(IIIB) activity, whereas fusion inhibitors showed both anti-HIV-1(IIIB) and anti-HIV-1(BaL) activities in rat sera. These results indicate that test drugs were successfully processed into the rat sera and could be detected by the MAGI assay. In this system, TRI-1144 showed the most potent and sustained antiviral activity. Sera from animals not administered drugs showed substantial anti-HIV-1 activity, indicating that relatively high dose or activity of the test drugs might be needed. In conclusion, the novel rat system established here, "phenotypic drug evaluation", may be applicable for the evaluation of various antiviral drugs in vivo. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.