화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.424, No.2, 221-227, 2012
Exaggerated inflammatory responses mediated by Burkholderia cenocepacia in human macrophages derived from Cystic fibrosis patients
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is accompanied with heightened inflammation worsened by drug resistant Burkholderia cenocepacia. Human CF macrophage responses to B. cenocepacia are poorly characterized and variable in the literature. Therefore, we examined human macrophage responses to the epidemic B. cenocepacia J2315 strain in order to identify novel anti-inflammatory targets. Peripheral blood monocyte derived macrophages were obtained from 23 CF and 27 non-CF donors. Macrophages were infected with B. cenocepacia J2315 and analyzed for cytokines, cytotoxicity, and microscopy. CF macrophages demonstrated significant increases in IL-1 beta, IL-10, MCP-1, and IFN-gamma production in comparison to non-CF controls. CF patients on prednisone exhibited globally diminished cytokines compared to controls and other CF patients. CF macrophages also displayed increased bacterial burden and cell death. In conclusion, CF macrophages demonstrate exaggerated IL-1 beta, IL-10, MCP-1, and IFN-gamma production and cell death during B. cenocepacia infection. Treatment with corticosteroids acutely suppressed cytokine responses. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.