Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.423, No.3, 600-605, 2012
PKC-epsilon mediates multiple endothelin-1 actions on systolic Ca2+ and contractility in ventricular myocytes
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) induces positive inotropy (enhanced contractility) in cardiac muscle, but establishing underlying cellular mechanisms has been controversial in part because of a growing number of signaling pathways and end effectors targeted by ET-1. Here we present evidence that ET-1 induces positive inotropism in ventricular tissue by increasing both systolic Ca2+ and myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity. To examine the roles of PKC-delta and PKC-epsilon in these acute responses to ET-1, kinase inactive dominant negative PKC (dn-PKC) constructs were expressed in adult rat ventricular myocytes. Yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) was fused to dn-PKC constructs to visualize expression and localization of dn-PKC in living myocytes. Due to an alanine to glutamate mutation in the pseudosubstrate site, dn-PKCs constitutively translocated to anchoring sites and were unaffected by agonist or phorbol ester treatment. Dn-PKC-delta-YFP mainly distributed at Z-lines and at intercalated disks in adult myocytes, whereas dn-PKC-epsilon-YFP stained the surface sarcolemma. T-tubules/Z-lines and perinuclear region. Myocytes expressing dn-PKC-delta-YFP showed normal systolic Ca2+ and contractile responses to ET-1. In contrast, the entire ensemble of ET-1 responses was blocked in myocytes expressing dn-PKC-epsilon-YFP including increased Ca2+ transients, enhanced myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity, and positive inotropy. This report provides direct evidence that PKC-epsilon is activated early and robustly following ET-1 stimulation and thus mediates multiple intracellular changes underlying the acute actions of ET-1 on myocardium. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.