Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.423, No.2, 253-258, 2012
Effects of hydrogen peroxide in a keratinocyte-fibroblast co-culture model of wound healing
Recently, there has been renewed interest in the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS), especially H2O2, in wound healing. We previously showed that H2O2 stimulates healing in a keratinocyte scratch wound model. In this paper, we used a more complex and physiologically relevant model that involves co-culturing primary keratinocytes and fibroblasts. We found that the two main cell types within the skin have different sensitivities to H2O2 and to the widely used "antioxidant" N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC). Keratinocytes were very resistant to the toxicity of H2O2 (250 and 500 mu M) or NAC (5 mM). However, the viability of fibroblasts was decreased by both compounds. Using the co-culture model, we also found that H2O2 increases re-epithelialization while NAC retards it. Our data further illustrate the possible role of ROS in wound healing and the co-culture model should be useful for screening agents that may influence the wound healing process. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.