Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.423, No.2, 207-211, 2012
Ryanodine receptors are involved in nuclear calcium oscillation in primary pancreatic beta-cells
Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are mainly located on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and play an important role in regulating glucose-induced cytosolic Ca2+ oscillation in pancreatic beta-cells. However, subcellular locations and functions of RyRs on other cell organelles such as nuclear envelope are not well understood. In order to investigate the role of RyRs in nuclear Ca2+ oscillation we designed and conducted experiments in intact primary pancreatic beta-cells. Immunocytochemistry was used to examine the expression of RYRs on the nuclear envelope. Confocal microscopy was used to evaluate the function of RYRs on the nuclear envelope. We found that RyRs are expressed on the nuclear envelope in single primary pancreatic beta-cells and isolated nuclei. Laser scanning confocal microscopy studies indicated that application of glucose to the cells co-incubated with Ca2+ indicator Fluo-4 AM and cell-permeable nuclear indicator Hoechst 33342 resulted in nuclear Ca2+ oscillation. The pattern of glucose-induced Ca2+ oscillation in the nucleus and cytosol was similar. The reduction of Ca2+ oscillation amplitude by ryanodine was much greater in the nucleus though both the cytosol and the nucleus Ca2+ amplitude decreased by ryanodine. Our results suggest that functional ryanodine receptors not only exist in endoplasmic reticulum but are also expressed in nuclear envelope of pancreatic beta-cells. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.