Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.417, No.2, 721-725, 2012
Histone post-translational modifications associated to BAALC expression in leukemic cells
BAALC expression is an indicator of aggressiveness in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Overexpression of this gene is associated to poor of clinical outcome. It is known that post-translational histone modifications control gene transcription. Thus, here we have investigated BAALC expression and post-translational histone modifications in leukemia cell lines. We show that Kasumi-6 and Kyo cells have high and low BAALC mRNA levels, respectively. Moreover, we demonstrate that these cell lines present distinct profiles in terms of histone post-translational modifications (H3K9K14 acetylation, H3K4 trimethylation and H3K23 trimethylation) at the level of BAALC promoter. These findings, in light of recent data on how histone post-translational modifications control gene expression, indicate that BAALC gene is "paused" and that in leukemia cells its transcription can be activated or repressed by mechanisms acting on epigenetic marks. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.