Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.417, No.1, 479-483, 2012
Upregulation of BAD, a pro-apoptotic protein of the BCL2 family, in vascular smooth muscle cells exposed to uremic conditions
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has recently emerged as a major risk factor for cardiovascular pathology. CKD patients display accelerated atherosclerotic process, leading to circulatory complications. However, it is currently not clear how uremic conditions accelerate atherosclerosis. Apoptosis is an important homeostatic regulator of vascular smooth cells under pathological conditions. In the present study, we explored the regulation of apoptosis in cells of the vascular wall in the uremic context. We analysed the expression and regulation of the proteins of the BCL2 family that play an essential role in apoptosis. Our results, obtained in mice and primary human smooth muscle cells exposed to two uremic toxins, point to the existence of an alteration in expression and function of one pro-apoptotic member of this family, the protein BAD. We explore the regulation of BAD by uremic toxins and report the sensitization of vascular smooth muscle cells to apoptosis upon BAD induction. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.