화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.414, No.3, 592-597, 2011
An invertebrate [hydroxyproline]-modified neuropeptide: Further evidence for a close evolutionary relationship between insect adipokinetic hormone and mammalian gonadotropin hormone family
An octapeptide of the adipokinetic hormone (AKH) peptide family is identified in the corpora cardiaca of the stink bug, Nezara viridula, by ESI-MS(N) (electrospray ionization multistage MS). This is the second AKH in N. viridula and it has a hydroxyproline residue at position 6, whereas the major AKH (known as Panbo-RPCH) has Pro as the sixth amino acid residue. The correct sequence assignment of [Hyp(6)]-Panbo-RPCH is confirmed by retention time and MS spectra of the synthetic peptide. Various extraction procedures were followed to ascertain whether the hydroxylation is an artefact of extraction, or whether it is due to a true post-translational modification at the prohormone level. The proline hydroxylation is unique for invertebrate neuropeptides, while it has been described in the vertebrate gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). The current finding is another piece of evidence that AKH and GnRH form a peptide superfamily and are closely related evolutionarily. Biologically, [Hyp(6)]-Panbo-RPCH is active in vivo as an AKH, causing hyperlipaemia in the stink bug at low doses, indicating again that it is an endogenous, mature and functional hormone in this insect species. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.