화학공학소재연구정보센터
Applied Surface Science, Vol.258, No.16, 6007-6012, 2012
Lithographically patterned silicon nanostructures on silicon substrates
The paper reports on controlled formation of silicon nanostructures patterns by the combination of optical lithography and metal-assisted chemical dissolution of crystalline silicon. First, a 20 nm-thick gold film was deposited onto hydrogen-terminated silicon substrate by thermal evaporation. Gold patterns (50 mu m x 50 mu m spaced by 20 mu m) were transferred onto the silicon wafer by means of photolithography. The etching process of crystalline silicon in HF/AgNO3 aqueous solution was studied as a function of the silicon resistivity, etching time and temperature. Controlled formation of silicon nanowire arrays in the unprotected areas was demonstrated for highly resistive silicon substrate, while silicon etching was observed on both gold protected and unprotected areas for moderately doped silicon. The resulting layers were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.