Applied Surface Science, Vol.258, No.7, 2378-2383, 2012
Wetting mode transition of nanoliter scale water droplets during evaporation on superhydrophobic surfaces with random roughness structure
During evaporation, shape changes of nanoliter-scale (80-100 nL) water droplets were evaluated on two superhydrophobic surfaces with different random roughness (nm-coating, mu m-coating). The square of the contact radius and the square of the droplet height decreased linearly with evaporation time. However, trend changes were observed at around 170 s (nm-coating) and around 150 s (mu m-coating) suggesting a wetting mode transition. The calculated droplet radii for the wetting mode transition from the average roughness distance and the average roughness height of these surface structures were approximately equal to the experimental values at these trend changes. A certain level of correlation between the roughness size and droplet radius at the wetting mode transition was confirmed on surfaces with random roughness. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.