화학공학소재연구정보센터
Rheologica Acta, Vol.51, No.7, 623-636, 2012
Electrical conductivity, phase behavior, and rheology of polypropylene/polystyrene blends with multi-walled carbon nanotube
The electrical, rheological properties and phase change behavior of polypropylene (PP)/polystyrene (PS) blends filled with multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT) were investigated. Two kinds of masterbatch were used to prepare ternary blends of PP, PS, and MWNT, and the effects of the kinds of masterbatch were confirmed by phase morphology of ternary blends and the distribution of MWNT. From thermodynamic analysis, MWNT is expected to locate in PS phase and it shows a good agreement with the TEM observations. The ternary composites show the lowest conductive percolation threshold and fine morphologies when most MWNT particles are located at the interface. Time sweep test were carried out to monitor the phase coalescence of the ternary blends and MWNT migration and agglomeration in the PS phase during annealing. The enhancement of thermal properties of MWNT-filled blends was also investigated by DSC and TGA.