Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.134, No.17, 7238-7241, 2012
Chemical Synthesis of Intentionally Misfolded Homogeneous Glycoprotein: A Unique Approach for the Study of Glycoprotein Quality Control
Biosynthesis of glycoproteins in the endoplasmic reticulum employs a quality control system, which discriminates and excludes misfolded malfunctional glycoproteins from a correctly folded one. As chemical tools to study the glycoprotein quality control system, we systematically synthesized misfolded homogeneous glycoproteins bearing a high-mannose type oligosaccharide via oxidative misfolding of a chemically synthesized homogeneous glycopeptide. The endoplasmic reticulum folding sensor enzyme, UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase (UGGT), recognizes a specific folding intermediate, which exhibits a molten globule-like hydrophobic nature.