Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.133, No.44, 17727-17737, 2011
Understanding the Molecular Mechanism of Enzyme Dynamics of Ribonuclease A through Protonation/Deprotonation of HIS48
Molecular dynamics simulation is carried out to investigate the enzyme dynamics of RNase A with the HIS48 in three different states (HIP48 (protonated), HID48 (deprotonated), and H48A mutant). Insights derived from the current theoretical study, combined with the available experimental observations, enabled us to provide a microscopic picture for the efficient enzyme dynamics. Specifically, in the "closed" state or HIP48, the N-terminal. hinge loop is intact and the enzyme remains in a relatively stable conformation which is preferred for catalytic reaction. Deprotonation of HIS48 induces the denaturing of this hinge loop into a 3(10)-helix, causing it to break the original interaction network around the loop-1 and drive the partial unfolding of the N-terminal. The enhanced dynamic motion of the N-terminal,helix facilitates the release of the catalytic product (the rate limiting step) and speeds up the overall catalytic process. The Current study established that HIS49 acts as a modulator for the transformation of conformational states through the perturbing of hydrogen bond networks across loop-1, the N-terminal helix; and other residues nearby. Our study suggests that HIS48 may also serve to transport loop-1's kinetic energy to the reaction center.