화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol.50, No.12, 2378-2388, 2012
One-pot synthesis of hyperbranched glycopolymers by RAFT polymerization
Soluble hyperbranched glycopolymers were prepared by copolymerization of glycan monomers with reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization (RAFT) inimers in a simple one-pot reaction. Two novel RAFT inimers, 2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl 4-cyano-4-(phenylcarbonothioylthio)pentanoate (MAE-CPP) and 2-(3-(benzylthiocarbonothioylthio)propanoyloxy)ethyl acrylate (BCP-EA) were synthesized and used to prepare hyperbranched glycopolymers. Two types of galactose-based saccharide monomers, 6-O-methacryloyl-1,2:3,4-di-O-isopropylidene-D-galactopyranose (proGal-M) and 6-O-(2'-acrylamido-2'-methylpropanoate)-1,2:3,4-di-O-isopropylidene-D-galactopyranose (proGal-A), containing a methacrylate and an acrylamide group, respectively, were also synthesized and polymerized under the mediation of the MAE-CPP and BCP-EA inimers, respectively. In addition, hyperbranched poly(proGal-M), linear poly(proGal-A), and hyperbranched poly(proGal-A) were generated and their polymerization kinetics were studied and compared. An unexpected difference was observed in the kinetics between the two monomers during polymerization: the relationship between polymerization rate and concentration of inimer was totally opposite in the two monomerinimer systems. Branching analysis was conducted by using degree of branching (DB) as the measurement parameter. As expected, a higher DB occurred with increased inimer content. Furthermore, these polymers were readily deprotected by hydrolysis in trifluoroacetic acid solution resulting in water-soluble polymers. The resulting branched glycopolymers have potential as biomimetics of polysaccharides. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2012