Journal of Membrane Science, Vol.372, No.1-2, 258-268, 2011
Extraction of betaine from beet molasses using membrane contactors
An experimental study of betaine separation involving non-dispersive solvent extraction using hollow fibers is described. The extractant was a solution of dinonylnaphthalene sulfonic acid (DNNSA) in n-heptane and stripping was performed with sodium hydroxide solution. Different operating conditions for the extraction and stripping processes were tested using a single hollow fiber contactor and then both processes were operated simultaneously using two contactors in series. The experimental results were fitted using a kinetic model with two design parameters, namely the overall mass-transfer coefficients referred to the feed and stripping phases. The overall coefficients were also estimated using the conventional diffusion model and the relative contribution of in-series resistances was evaluated using a reaction-diffusion model that takes into account interfacial reactions. A comparison of the individual resistances in the extraction and stripping contactors showed that the complex-formation reaction is slower than the decomposition reaction. This non-dispersive extraction technology was applied to beet molasses betaine/sucrose separation under the conditions identified previously. The results were correctly simulated by the mathematical model developed previously using synthetic solutions. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.