Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.360, No.1, 39-51, 2011
Curcumin-loaded biocompatible thermoresponsive polymeric nanoparticles for cancer drug delivery
This study aims at the formulation of curcumin with biodegradable thermoresponsive chitosan-g-poly (N-vinylcaprolactam) nanoparticles (TRC-NPs) for cancer drug delivery. The spherical curcumin-loaded nanoparticles of size 220 nm were characterized, and the biological properties were studied using flow cytometry and cytotoxicity by mu assay. The in vitro drug release was higher at above LCST compared to that at below LCST. TRC-NPs in the concentration range of 100-1000 mu g/mL were non-toxic to an array of cell lines. The cellular localization of the curcumin-loaded TRC-NPs was confirmed from green fluorescence inside the cells. The time-dependent curcumin uptake by the cells was quantified by UV spectrophotometer. Curcumin-loaded TRC-NPs showed specific toxicity to cancer cells at above their LCST. Flow cytometric analysis showed increased apoptosis on PC3 compared to L929 by curcumin-loaded TRC-NPs. These results indicate that novel curcumin-loaded TRC-NPs could be a promising candidate for cancer drug delivery. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Chitosan;Thermoresponsive nanoparticles;LCST;Curcumin;Specific toxicity;Cancer drug delivery