Journal of Catalysis, Vol.282, No.1, 155-164, 2011
Effect of water on the stability of Mo and CoMo hydrodeoxygenation catalysts: A combined experimental and DFT study
We report the study of the impact of water on the stability of Mo and CoMo sulfide catalysts in hydrodeoxygenation of phenolic compounds. The presence of water at reaction temperature leads to an additional deactivation of the catalyst, which is fully reversible on the CoMo catalyst, but partly irreversible on non-promoted Mo catalyst. IR and HRTEM characterizations as well as DFf simulations confirm the higher sensitivity of unpromoted MoS(2) toward water and show that large amounts of water at reaction temperature lead to the exchange of an important fraction of edge sulfur atoms on non-promoted MoS(2) catalysts, hence changing the nature of the active sites. For Co-promoted catalyst, the extent of water poisoning is much lower and reversible because Co atoms prevent sulfur-oxygen exchanges. Hence, in HDO conditions, Co does not only increase the intrinsic activity of the catalyst (promotion effect) but also stabilizes the active phase in the presence of water (passivation effect). (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.