화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.123, No.6, 3675-3687, 2012
Novel in situ carbon nanofiber/polydimethylsiloxane nanocomposites: Synthesis, morphology, and physico-mechanical properties
A series of carbon nanofiber (CNF)/polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based nanocomposites was prepared by anionic ring opening polymerization of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D-4) in presence of pristine CNF and amine-modified CNF. A detailed study of morphology-property relationship of the nanocomposites was carried out in order to understand the effect of chemical modification and loading of filler on property enhancement of the nanocomposites. An elaborate comparison of structure and properties was carried out for the nanocomposites prepared by in situ and conventional ex situ methods. Pronounced improvement in degree of dispersion of the fillers in the matrix on amine modification of CNFs was reflected in mechanical properties of the modified nanocomposites. Maximum upliftment in mechanical properties was observed for in situ prepared amine modified CNF/hydroxyl PDMS nanocomposites. For 8 phr filler loading, tensile strength increased by 370%, while tensile modulus showed an increase of 515% compared with the virgin elastomer. Furthermore, in situ prepared unmodified CNF/hydroxyl PDMS nanocomposites showed an increase of 141 degrees C in temperature of maximum degradation (T-max) for 8 phr CNF loading. These results were correlated with the morphological analysis through transmission electron microscopic studies. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 123: 3675-3687, 2012