Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.66, No.9, 1953-1961, 2011
1D and 2D simulations of partially wetted catalyst particles: A focus on heat transfer limitations
Hydrodynamics and transport phenomena inside Trickle Bed Reactors are strongly modified when superficial liquid velocity is not sufficient to insure a perfect wetting of catalyst particles . For this reason, the impact of partial wetting on catalyst effectiveness has been widely studied in past , in case of isothermal reactions. Heat transfer limitations, inside or outside catalyst particles, have also been investigated, but only in case of total wetting. In the present study, the effect of partial wetting is quantified numerically for various kinetics, mass and heat transfer limitations. When possible, an analogy is proposed between 1D and 2D models of particles. Robust rules are proposed to take into account for partial wetting in 1D-radial models of particles. The case of partial evaporation inside catalyst pores is also studied. Evaporation phenomena is approximated following a simple approach. Performed calculations show that the effect of partial wetting can affect very strongly catalyst effectiveness factors, especially incase of evaporation in the pores. The use of 1D approximations gives a good prediction of the global catalyst efficiency, as far as boundary conditions are symmetric between heat and mass transfer. Otherwise, 1D models are not relevant anymore. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.