Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.66, No.9, 1916-1922, 2011
An analytical solution of population balance equations for continuous fluidized bed drying
Continuous fluidized bed drying is widely used to remove moisture or solvents from granular materials. It is known that different residence times of the wet particles may lead to a distribution of product properties, e. g. different moistures. The prediction of such moisture distributions in fluidized bed dryers is of particular interest in industrial practice. In the present study, a simple analytical approach is introduced to calculate moisture distributions at the outlet of a continuous fluidized bed dryer. The model provides an analytical solution of the simple one-dimensional population balances. It will be contrasted with a traditional model approach based on averages and with experimental investigations conducted in a lab scale fluidized bed dryer under variation of the particle and the gas flow rate. Furthermore, the moisture distributions of the dried product were estimated by single particle measurements using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. It will be demonstrated that the developed analytical approach is capable to predict such moisture distributions for continuous drying processes. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Fluidization;Drying;Population balance;Particle processing;Nuclear magnetic resonance;Mathematical modeling