Biotechnology Letters, Vol.33, No.6, 1257-1264, 2011
A comparison between osteogenic differentiation of human unrestricted somatic stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow and adipose tissue
To evaluate the potential of three stem cells for cell therapy and tissue engineering applications, the biological behavior and osteogenic capacity of the newly introduced cord-blood-derived, unrestricted somatic stem cells (USSC) were compared with those of mesenchymal stem cells isolated from bone marrow (BM-MSC) and adipose tissue (AT-MSC). There was no significant difference between the rates of proliferation of the three stem cells. During osteogenic differentiation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity peaked on day 7 in USSC compared to BM-MSC which showed the maximum value of ALP activity on day 14. However, BM-MSC had the highest ALP activity and mineralization during osteogenic induction. In addition, AT-MSC showed the lowest capacity for mineralization during differentiation and had the lowest ALP activity on days 7 and 14. Although AT-MSC expressed higher levels of collagen type I, osteonectin and BMP-2 in undifferentiated state, but these genes were expressed higher in BM-MSC during differentiation. BM-MSC also expressed higher levels of ALP, osteocalcin and Runx2 during induction. Taking together, BM-MSC showed the highest capacity for osteogenic differentiation and hold promising potential for bone tissue engineering and cell therapy applications.