화학공학소재연구정보센터
Applied Chemistry for Engineering, Vol.22, No.6, 587-593, December, 2011
이소부탄 알킬레이션 공정을 위한 친환경 촉매
Green Catalysts for Isobutane Alkylation Process
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초록
대기환경 규제와 자동차 성능 유지 등 고급 가솔린인 알킬레이트 생산공정에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있다. 알킬레이트는 이소부탄과 올레핀의 알킬레이션 반응을 통해서 생산된다. 하지만 기존의 공정에서 사용되고 있는 불산이나 황산의 유해성으로 인하여 새로운 친환경 촉매에 대한 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있다. 최근 기존의 고체산 촉매인 제올라이트 이외에 메조기공 촉매 및 이온성액체를 이용한 연구가 수행되고 있다. 본 논문에서는 이소부탄 알킬레이션 공정을 위한 친환경 촉매에 대한 논하려 한다.
As a result of increasing environmental concerns related to air quality and maintenance of automobiles, the alkylation of isobutane with olefins has become an even more important process for production of high quality gasoline. However, the widespread use of the alkylation process is limited by the polluting and corrosive liquid acid catalysts (HF and H2SO4) currently used in industry. For the reason, a large number of solid catalysts, especially zeolites, have been studied as an environmental friendly catalyst in this process. Recently, mesoporous solid acids and ionic liquids have been investigated as a green catalyst. In this review, the research of environmental friendly catalysts for an isobutane alkylation is summarized.
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