Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.411, No.1, 156-161, 2011
The pattern of gene expression and gene dose profiles of 6-Mercaptopurine- and 6-Thioguanine-resistant human leukemia cells
Exposure of mOLT4 human T-cell leukemia cells to 6-Mercaptopurine (6-MP) and 6-Thioguanine (6-TG) resulted in acquired resistance associated with attenuated expression of the genes encoding concentrative nucleoside transporter 3 (CNT3) and equilibrative nucleoside transporter 2 (ENT2). To identify other alterations at the RNA and DNA levels associated with 6-MP- and 6-TG resistance, we compared here the patterns of gene expression and DNA copy number profiles of resistant sublines to those of the parental wild-type cells. The mRNA levels for two nucleoside transporters were down-regulated in both of the thiopurine-resistant sublines. Moreover, both of these cell lines expressed genes encoding the enzymes of purine nucleotide composition and synthesis, including adenylate kinase 3-like 1 and guanosine monophosphate synthetase at significantly lower levels than wild-type cells. In addition, expression of the mRNA for a specialized DNA polymerase, human terminal transferase encoded by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (DNTT) gene, was 122- and 93-fold higher in 6-TG- and 6-MP-resistant cells, respectively. The varying responses to 6-MP- and 6-TG observed here may help identify novel cellular targets and modalities of resistance to thiopurines, as well as indicating new potential approaches to individualization therapy with these drugs. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.