Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.411, No.1, 88-95, 2011
Enzymatic characterization of Catalase from Bacillus anthracis and prediction of critical residues using information theoretic measure of Relative Entropy
In order to cope up with the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by host innate immune response, most of the intracellular organisms express Catalase for the enzymatic destruction/detoxification of hydrogen peroxide, to combat its deleterious effects. Catalase thus, scavenges ROS thereby playing a pivotal role in facilitating the survival of the pathogen within the host, and thus contributes to its pathogenesis. Bacillus anthracis harbors five isoforms of Catalase, but none of them has been studied so far. Thus, this study is the first attempt to delineate the biochemical and functional characteristics of one of the isoforms of Catalase (Cat1.4) of B. anthracis, followed by identification of residues critical for catalysis. The general strategy used, so far for mutational analysis in Catalases is structure based, i.e. the residues in the vicinity of heme were mutated to decipher the enzymatic mechanism. However, in the present study, protein sequence analysis was used for the prediction of catalytically important residues of Catalase. Essential measures were adopted to ensure the accuracy of predictions like after retrieval of well-annotated sequences from the database with EC 184.108.40.206, preprocessing was done to remove irrelevant sequences. The method used for multiple alignment of sequences, was guided by structural alignment and thereafter, an information theoretic measure, Relative Entropy was used for the critical residue prediction. By exploiting this strategy, we identified two previously known essential residues. H55 and Y338 in the active site which were demonstrated to be crucial for the activity. We also identified six novel crucial residues (Q332, Y117, H215, W257, N376 and H146) located distantly from the active site. Thus, the present study highlights the significance of this methodology to identify not only those crucial residues which lie in the active site of Catalase, but also the residues located distantly. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.