Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.409, No.4, 727-731, 2011
Light responsiveness of clock genes, Per1 and Per2, in the olfactory bulb of mice
The olfactory bulb (OB) of rodents has been suggested to possess a self-sustaining circadian oscillator which functions independent from the master circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus. However, neither histology nor physiology of this extra-SCN clock is studied yet. In the present study, we examined circadian variation of major clock gene expressions in the OB and responsiveness to single photic stimuli. Here we show significant circadian variation in the expression of clock genes, Per1, Per2 and Bmall in the OB. Per1 and PER2 were mainly expressed in the mitral cell and granular cell layers of the OB. Light responsiveness of Per1 and Per2 expression was different in the OB from that in the parietal cortex. Both Per) and Per2 are expressed in the OB only by 1000 lux light pulse, whereas 100 lux light was enough to induce Per1 mRNA in the parietal cortex. Interestingly, even 1000 lux light failed to induce Per2 mRNA in the parietal cortex. These clock gene-specific and brain region-dependent responses to lights in the OB and parietal cortex suggest that single light stimulus induces various physiological functions in different brain areas via specific clock gene. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.