Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.407, No.2, 426-431, 2011
Characteristic effects of methylglyoxal and its degraded product formate on viability of human histiocytes: A possible detoxification pathway of methylglyoxal
Methylglyoxal (MGO) is a toxic and highly reactive alpha-oxoaldehyde, elevated in the states of various diseases underlying enhanced oxidative stress. Furthermore, MGO has been reported to generate another aldehyde, formic acid (FA). In this sense, investigating the biological property of FA is crucially important. The present study examined the effects of MGO and FA on cell viability using the U937 human histiocytic cell line. FA showed a dose-dependent increase in cell viability at the concentrations of MGO in which cell viability decreased. The mechanism of the increase by FA involved the presence of endogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and tetrahydrofolate in the folate pathway, whereas that of the decrease in cell viability by MGO involved interaction with H2O2 and oxidative damage. These findings suggest that FA production by MGO degradation may play a role in attenuation of oxidative cellular injury caused by MGO. We hypothesize that FA generation pathway constitutes a detoxification system for MGO. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Inc.