화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.403, No.1, 66-72, 2010
Effects of long term nitrite therapy on functional recovery in experimental ischemia model
Our data have shown that nitrite therapy can rescue the ischemic brain when injected <3 h after cerebral ischemic-reperfusion (I/R) injury and its effects can be prolonged to 4.5 h in combination with memantine. We investigated whether or not long-term nitrite therapy is beneficial in ischemic brains. Sodium nitrite (1-100 mu g/kg ip) or saline were administered to rats subjected to focal I/R injury for 7 days beginning 24 h after I/R. Behavioral tests for 5 weeks revealed better functional recovery in the high-dose nitrite group than the control group. Other nitrite groups with relatively low doses showed no functional benefits. Hemispheric atrophy was attenuated by approximately 30% in the high-dose nitrite group. High-dose nitrite therapy also reduced inflammatory cytokine levels and caspase activity in the subacute period, and increased BrdU(+)MAP2(+) and BrdU(+)laminin(+) cells, and vascular density in the 5-week ischemic brain. Long-term nitrite therapy, when initiated 24 h after I/R, corrected the subacute hostile environment, induced tissue and vascular regeneration, and improved functional recovery. Early and subsequent long term nitrite therapy may be effective in the management for ischemic stroke patients. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.