Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.402, No.3, 549-553, 2010
Hepatitis C virus nonstructural protein-5A activates sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c through transcription factor Sp1
Steatosis is an important clinical manifestation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The molecular mechanisms of HCV-associated steatosis are not well understood Sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) is a key transcription factor which activates the transcription of lipogenic genes Here we showed that the nuclear, mature SREBP-1c level increases in the nucleus of replicon cells expressing HCV-3a nonstructural protein-5A (NS5A) We further showed that HCV-3a NS5A up-regulates SREBP-1c transcription Additional analysis showed that transcriptional factor Sp1 is involved in SREBP-1c activation by HCV-3a NS5A because inhibition of Sp1 activity by mithramycin A or a dominant-negative Sp1 construct abrogated SREBP-1c promoter activation by HCV-3a NS5A In addition. chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay demonstrated enhanced binding of Sp1 on the SREBP-1c promoter in HCV-3a NS5A replicon cells These results showed that HCV-3a NS5A activates SREBP-1c transcription through Sp1 Taken together, our results suggest that HCV-3a NS5A is a contributing factor for steatosis caused by HCV-3a infection (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved.