Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.401, No.3, 396-400, 2010
Echinophilic proteins stomatin, sorcin, and synexin locate outside ganglioside(M1) (GM1) patches in the erythrocyte membrane
The detergent (Triton X-100, 4 degrees C)-resistant membrane (DRM)-associated membrane proteins stomatin, sorcin, and synexin (anexin VII) exposed on the cytoplasmic side of membrane were investigated for their lateral distribution in relation to induced ganglioside(M1) (GM1) raft patches in flat (discocytic) and curved (echinocytic) human erythrocyte membrane. In discocytes, no accumulation of stomatin, sorcin, and synexin in cholera toxin subunit B (CTB) plus anti-CTB-induced GM1 patches was detected by fluorescence microscopy. In echinocytes, stomatin, sorcin, and synexin showed a similar curvature-dependent lateral distribution as GM1 patches by accumulating to spiculae induced by ionophore A23187 plus calcium. Stomatin was partly and synexin and sorcin were fully recruited to the spiculae. However, the DRM-associated proteins only partially co-localized with GM1 and were frequently distributed into different spiculae than GM1. The study indicates that stomatin, sorcin, and synexin are echinophilic membrane components that mainly locate outside GM1 rafts in the human erythrocyte membrane. Echinophilicity is suggested to contribute to the DRM association of a membrane component in general. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.