Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.400, No.2, 252-257, 2010
Tyrosine kinase 2 interacts with the proapoptotic protein Siva-1 and augments its apoptotic functions
Siva-1 is a molecule that has the potential to induce both extrinsic (receptor-mediated) and intrinsic (non-receptor-mediated) apoptosis. Siva-1 binds to CD27, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) family, Abl-related gene (ARC), and BCL-X-L, and these partner molecules reportedly enhance the apoptotic properties of Siva-1. In this study, we show that Siva-1 also interacts with a member of the Jak family protein kinases, tyrosine kinase 2 (Tyk2). Siva-1 bound to Tyk2 via its N-terminal region, and Tyk2 phosphorylated Siva-1 at tyrosines 53 and 162. In murine pro-B cells, Ba/F3 cells, expression of Tyk2 augmented Siva-1-induced apoptosis. This augmentation of Siva-1-induced apoptosis was retained regardless of the phosphorylation of Siva-1, but was almost completely prevented by the abrogation of the Tyk2-Siva-1 association. These findings indicate that the interaction between Siva-1 and Tyk2 directly augments the apoptotic activity of Siva-1. Our novel observations suggest that Siva-1 forms a functional complex with Tyk2 and participates in the transduction of signals that inhibit B lymphocyte growth. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.