Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.400, No.2, 225-229, 2010
Effect of glucocorticoid on the biosynthesis of growth hormone-containing secretory granules in pituitary cells
Recent studies have suggested that treatment of glucocorticoid to immature growth hormone (GH)-producing cell line. MtT/S cells, dramatically induced the accumulation of GH-containing secretory granules in the cytosol and differentiated into mature GH-producing cells. However, the molecular mechanism of glucocorticoid-induced GH-containing secretory granule biogenesis in the MtT/S cells remains unknown. In the present study, we found that CH mRNA expression was facilitated by application of glucocorticoid. We artificially increased GH synthesis by transfection of green fluorescent protein-tagged GH (GH-GFP) gene. We found that the artificial elevation of GH expression in the cells did not accumulate the secretory granules in the cytosol, whereas glucocorticoid-induced the biogenesis of granules in GH-GFP-expressing MtT/S cells. We next performed DNA microarray and real-time RT-PCR analysis and found that glucocorticoid significantly altered the expression of membrane trafficking-related protein, syntaxin11 (Syx11). Immunocytochemical analysis further demonstrated that Syx11 positive structures were well colocalized with GH-containing granules in both MtT/S cells and rat anterior pituitary gland. Our findings indicate that glucocorticoid regulate the expression of Syx11 and facilitate the biogenesis and the trafficking of GH-containing granules in the MtT/S cells. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.