Separation and Purification Technology, Vol.79, No.2, 164-169, 2011
Electrokinetic extraction of heavy metals from dredged marine sediment
This study investigates the suitability of the electrokinetic process for extracting heavy metals from dredged marine sediment. Marine sediments have unique characteristics such as high alkalinity, high buffering capacity, and a large fraction of fine particles and organic contents. The target heavy metals were nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and lead (Pb). Tap water was circulated in the anode and various processing fluids such as 0.1 M of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), citric acid (CA), HNO3, and HCl were circulated in the cathode under a constant voltage gradient of 1 Vim for 15 days. Heavy metals were most efficiently extracted from the marine sediment with HCl, and the extraction efficiencies of Ni, Cu, Zn, and Pb were 71.5%, 68.6%, 62.4%, and 65.3%, respectively. In the case of citric acid, the extraction efficiencies of Ni, Cu, Zn, and Pb were 56.3%, 71.3%, 60.3%, and 54%, respectively. Even though HNO3 is a strong inorganic acid like HCl, extraction efficiency was lower than of HCI because chloride forms a metal-chloride complex and the complex formation enhances desorption from sediment surface or ionization at alkaline pH. On the basis of the experimental results, we conclude that the electrokinetic process, using citric acid or HCl, is suitable for extracting heavy metals from dredged marine sediment. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.