Protein Expression and Purification, Vol.77, No.1, 86-91, 2011
Expression and purification of human FROUNT, a common cytosolic regulator of CCR2 and CCR5
Chemokine receptors play pivotal roles for immune cell recruitment to inflammation sites, in response to chemokine gradients (chemotaxis). The mechanisms of chemokine signaling, especially the initiation of the intracellular signaling cascade, are not well understood. We previously identified a cytoplasmic protein FROUNT, which binds to the C-terminal regions of CCR2 and CCR5 to mediate chemokine signaling. Although large amounts of purified protein are required for detailed biochemical studies and drug screening, no method to produce recombinant FROUNT has been reported. In this study, we developed a method for the production of recombinant human FROUNT. Human FROUNT was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli, as a soluble protein fused to the folding chaperone Trigger Factor, with a cold shock expression system. The purified FROUNT protein displayed CCR2 binding ability without any additional components, as demonstrated by SPR measurements. A gel filtration analysis suggested that FROUNT exists in a homo-oligomeric state. This high-yield method is cost-effective for human FROUNT production. It should be a powerful tool for further biochemical and structural studies to elucidate GPCR regulation and chemokine signaling, and also will contribute to drug development. (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.