Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.133, No.8, 2427-2436, 2011
Dictyostatin Flexibility Bridges Conformations in Solution and in the beta-Tubulin Taxane Binding Site
Dictyostatin (DCT, 1) is a complex, flexible poly ketide macrolide that demonstrates potent microtubule-polymerization activity. Both a solution structure (2a) and a possible binding mode for DCT (Conf-1) have been proposed by earlier NMR experiments. In the present study, the conformational landscape of DCT in DMSO-d(6) and methanol-d(4) was explored using extensive force-field-based conformational searches combined with geometric parameters derived from solution NMR data. The results portray a diversity of conformations for dictyostatin that illustrates the molecule's flexibility and excludes the previously suggested dominant solution conformation 2a. One conformation present in DMSO-d(6) with a 7% population (Conf-2, 0.6 kcal/mol above the global minimum at 298 degrees) also satisfies the TR-NOESY NMR parameters of Canales et al. that characterize the taxane binding-site interaction between DCT and assembled microtubules in water. Application of several docking methods (Glide, Autodock, and RosettaLigand) has identified a low-energy binding model of the DCT/beta-tubulin complex (Pose-2/Conf-2) that is gratifyingly compatible with the emerging DCT structure-activity data.