Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.182, No.1-3, 108-114, 2010
Arsenate removal from water by zero-valent iron/activated carbon galvanic couples
Galvanic couples composed of zero-valent iron and activated carbon (Fe-o/AC) were investigated for As(V) removal from water. The effects of Fe-o to AC mass ratio (FCR), solution pH, ionic strength and co-existing anions (phosphate, carbonate, silicate, nitrate, chloride and sulfate) and humic acid (HA) on As(V) removal were evaluated. The results showed that the optimum mass ratio was 1:1, and Fe-o/AC with this ratio was more effective for As(V) removal than Fe-o and AC alone at pH of 7 and ion strength of 0.03 M NaCl. The enhanced performance for As(V) removal was fulfilled through an accelerated corrosion process of Fe, which meant more corrosion products for efficient As(V) removal. The As(V) removal followed a pseudo-first order reaction. The rate constants (k) for 1:1 Fe-o/AC and Fe-o alone were 0.802 and 0.330 h(-1), respectively. Potentiodynamic polarization scans further confirmed that Fe-o corrosion was promoted when Fe was coupled with AC. Except silicates, other co-existing anions promoted As(V) removal. No reduction form of As (As(III) or As(0)) could be detected on iron corrosion products (ICPs) and in solutions. Identified ICPs included poorly crystallized lepidocrocite (gamma-FeOOH) and magnetite/maghemite(Fe3O4/gamma-Fe2O3) for both of Fe-o/AC and Fe systems. In conclusion, the Fe-o/AC couple exhibited higher As removal performance than that of Fe-o alone from water. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.