Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.181, No.1-3, 508-513, 2010
Degradation of iopromide by combined UV irradiation and peroxydisulfate
The aqueous degradation of iopromide, an iodinated X-ray contrast media (ICM) compound, by the combination of UV254 irradiation and potassium peroxydisulfate (K2S2O8) has been studied in laboratory scale experiments. The influence of various parameters on the performance of the treatment process has been considered, namely the UV irradiation light intensity, the initial concentrations of iopromide and peroxydisulfate, and the initial solution pH. Iopromide degradation increased with UV light intensity and peroxydisulfate concentration, but decreased with initial pH. Under specific conditions complete removal of iopromide was achieved within 30 min, and near-complete mineralisation (loss of solution TOC) within 80 min. Degradation was believed to be caused by a combination of direct photolysis, sulphate radical attack, and, to a minor degree, direct oxidation by peroxydisulfate. Approximate values for the reaction rate constants have been determined and found to be equal to 1-2 x 10(4) M-1 s(-1) for sulfate radicals, and 1-2 M-2 s(-1) for S2O82-. Overall compound degradation was observed to follow first-order kinetics where the rate constant decreased with initial solution pH. During the reaction, the solution pH decreased as a consequence of sulfate radical scavenging. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.