Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.343, No.1, 188-193, 2010
Adsorption of Basic Violet 14 in aqueous solutions using KMnO4-modified activated carbon
In this paper, an activated carbon was prepared from Typha orientalis and then treated with KMnO4 and used for the removal of Basic Violet 14 from aqueous solutions. KMnO4 treatment influenced the physicochemical properties of the carbon and improved its adsorption capacity. Adsorption experiments were then conducted with KMnO4-modified activated carbon to study the effects of carbon dosage (250-1500 mg/L), pH (2-10), ion strength (0-0.5 mol/L), temperature, and contact time on the adsorption of Basic Violet 14 from aqueous Solutions. The equilibrium data were analyzed by the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms and fitted well with the Langmuir model. The pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and intraparticle diffusion models were used to evaluate the kinetic data and the pseudo-second-order kinetics was the best with good correlation. (c) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords:KMnO4-modified activated carbon;Typha orientalis;Basic Violet 14;Adsorption equilibrium;Adsorption kinetics