Journal of Catalysis, Vol.269, No.1, 71-79, 2010
Small-sized HZSM-5 zeolite as highly active catalyst for gas phase dehydration of glycerol to acrolein
The catalytic properties of nanocrystalline HZSM-5 catalysts with high Si/Al molar ratio (ca. 65) were investigated in the gas phase dehydration of aqueous glycerol. Compared with bulk HZSM-5, the small-sized catalyst exhibits greatly enhanced catalytic performance in glycerol dehydration even with very high GHSV (=1438 h(-1)). Catalysts with different Si/Al ratios were studied, but it is difficult to separate the influence of Si/Al ratio from that of particle size. However, by varying the proton exchange degree for one mother batch of zeolite, a series of H(x)Na(1-x)ZSM-5 catalysts with same particle size and different Bronsted acid site densities was prepared. The catalytic results for this series of samples show that high density of Bronsted acid sites favors the production of acrolein. Based on these results, small-sized HZSM-5 with high aluminum content appears to be most promising for gas phase dehydration of glycerol. (c) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.