Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.399, No.3, 412-415, 2010
Structural motifs are closed into cycles in proteins
beta-Hairpins, triple-strand beta-sheets and beta alpha beta-units represent simple structural motifs closed into cycles by systems of hydrogen bonds. Secondary closing of these simple motifs into large cycles by means of different superhelices, split beta-hairpins or SS-bridges results in the formation of more complex structural motifs having unique overall folds and unique handedness such as abcd-units, phi-motifs, five- and seven-segment alpha/beta-motifs. Apparently, the complex structural motifs are more cooperative and stable and this may be one of the main reasons of high frequencies of occurrence of the motifs in proteins. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.