Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.398, No.2, 160-165, 2010
EID1-induces brown-like adipocyte traits in white 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes
PPAR gamma and pRB play an important role in the development of adipose cells, and functional modification of these proteins may lead to beneficial changes in adipose cell physiology. In the present work, we show that over-expression of EID1 (E1A-like inhibitor of differentiation), an inhibitor of muscle cell differentiation, reduces PPAR gamma ligand-dependent transactivation and decreases triglyceride stores in pre-adipocytes (3T3-L1 cells). Additionally, we found that EID1 binds to pRB at the onset of adipocyte differentiation and may act to reduce pRB levels. Over-expression of EID1 in 3T3-L1 cells leads to increased expression of UCP1 and PGC-1 alpha, both of which are involved in caloric dissipation and thermogenesis, in brown adipose tissue. These results indicate that EID1 is able to reduce fat accumulation in adipose cells and induce expression of brown fat genes in pre-adipocytes (3T3-L1 cells) normally destined to become white fat cells. The functional reduction of PPAR gamma and pRB mediated by EID1 in adipose cells may play an important role in insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.