Automatica, Vol.46, No.6, 1035-1041, 2010
On the computation of linear model predictive control laws
Finite-time optimal control problems with quadratic performance index for linear systems with linear constraints can be transformed into Quadratic Programs (QPs). Model Predictive Control requires the online solution of such QPs. This can be obtained by using a QP solver or evaluating the associated explicit solution. The objective of this note is twofold. First, we shed some light on the computational complexity and storage demand of the two approaches when an active set QP solver is used. Second, we show the existence of alternative algorithms with a different tradeoff between memory and computational time. In particular, we present an algorithm which, for a certain class of systems, outperforms standard explicit solvers both in terms of memory and worst case computational time. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.