Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.162, No.5, 1238-1248, 2010
In Vitro Renaturation of Alkaline Family G/11 Xylanase via a Folding Intermediate: alpha-Crystallin Facilitates Refolding in an ATP-Independent Manner
In this study, alkaliphilic family G/11 xylanase from alkali-tolerant filamentous fungi Penicillium citrinum MTCC 6489 was used as a model system to gain insight into the molecular aspects of unfolding/refolding of alkaliphilic glycosyl hydrolase protein family. The intrinsic protein fluorescence suggested a putative intermediate state of protein in presence of 2 M guanidium hydrochloride (GdmCl) with an emission maximum of 353 nm. Here we studied the refolding of GdmCl-denatured alkaline xylanase in the presence and the absence of a multimeric chaperone protein alpha-crystallin to elucidate the molecular mechanism of intramolecular interactions of the alkaliphilic xylanase protein that dictates its extremophilic character. Our results, based on intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence and hydrophobic fluorophore 8-anilino-1- naphthalene sulfonate-binding studies, suggest that alpha-crystallin formed a complex with a putative molten globule-like intermediate in the refolding pathway of xylanase in an ATP-independent manner. A 2 M GdmCl is sufficient to denature alkaline xylanase completely. The hydrodynamic radius (R-H) of a native alkaline xylanase is 4.0, which becomes 5.0 in the presence of 2 M GdmCl whereas in presence of the higher concentration of GdmCl R-H value was shifted to 100, indicating the aggregation of denatured xylanase. The alpha-crystallin center dot xylanase complex exhibited the recovery of functional activity with the extent of similar to 43%. Addition of ATP to the complex did not show any significant effect on activity recovery of the denatured protein.