Separation Science and Technology, Vol.43, No.16, 3955-3980, 2008
Ionomer Membrane and MEA Development for DMFC
Membrane-electrode assemblies (MEAs) have been prepared from different acid-base-blends consisting of different sulfonated arylene main-chain polymers and polybenzimidazole PBI and a microphase-separated arylene main-chain block copolymer consisting of a sulfonated and proton-conducting and a hydrophobic microphase. The MEAs have been prepared using 4 different methods: Method A: The membrane has been prepared first as a free film, and the electrodes have subsequently been coated onto the membrane; Method B: The membrane has been prepared first as a polyester-supported film, and the electrodes have thereafter been coated onto the membrane; Method C: The MEA has been built up from the anode; Method D: The MEA has been built up from the cathode. The MEAs have been tested under different temperatures and different meOH concentrations. Three different polyacid-PBI blend membranes could be identified which showed comparable or even better DMFC performance than Nafion105: a sulfonated polyethersulfone-PBI blend membrane, a sulfonated polyetherketone-PBI blend membrane, and a partially fluorinated sulfonated polyether-PBI blend membrane. The proton-conducting block co-ionomer membrane initially showed an excellent DMFC performance due to reduced meOH permeability, compared to the polyacid-PBI blend membranes, which however degraded with time of the DMFC operation probably being due to irreversible morphology changes. Among all tested MEAs the MEAs prepared by Method B showed the best DMFC performance. The DMFC performance of the MEAs prepared by Method C and Method D was slightly worse than that of the MEAs made via Method B. The DMFC performance of a MEA from the sulfonated polyetherketone-PBI blend membrane which was built up using Method D improved steadily during 4 weeks of DMFC operation.