Polymer, Vol.51, No.7, 1572-1577, 2010
Newly UV-curable polyurethane coatings prepared by multifunctional thiol- and ene-terminated polyurethane aqueous dispersions: Photopolymerization properties
A novel approach toward the preparation of newly UV-curable polyurethane coatings composed of multifunctional thiol- and ene-terminated polyurethane aqueous dispersions is presented. By a synergistic combination of polyurethane dispersions synthesis and thiol-ene chemistry, strategies for the preparation of newly UV-curable polyurethane coatings are developed. Photo-DSC, real-time FTIR, DMA and tensile tests measurements are used to investigate the photopolymerization and mechanical behaviors of newly UV-curable polyurethane coatings. The newly polyurethane coatings have 1.5 times higher polymerization rate and final 99% functional groups conversion in air conditions compared to current urethane-acrylate based UV-curable polyurethane dispersions coatings. UV-cured polyurethane films prepared by this method are also found to exhibit increase in Young's modulus and tensile strength at break by 25% and 10%, respectively. These experiment facts suggest that the incorporation of thiol-ene chemistry to the polyurethane dispersion coatings increase their polymerization rate, producing a high degree of cross-linking. This confirms the preparation of the targeted novel UV-curable polyurethane coatings and reveals the dramatic effect that changes in incorporation of thiol-ene chemistry can have on the photopolymerization behaviors of UV-curable polyurethane dispersions coatings systems. Crown Copyright (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.