화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Power Sources, Vol.187, No.2, 581-585, 2009
Understanding the characteristics of high-voltage additives in Li-ion batteries: Solvent effects
Calculations are made of the ionization potential (IP) and the oxidation potential (E-ox) values of 108 organic molecules that are potential electrolyte additives for the overcharge protection of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The calculated E-ox values are in close agreement with the experimental ones, where the root-mean-square deviation is 0.08 V and the maximum deviation is 0.15 V. The molecules exhibiting high E-ox (>4.5V) show one of the following two features: (1) IP > 7.70 eV or (2) IP < 7.70 eV with a relatively large molecule size. Consideration of bulk solvent effects, in particular the electrostatic attraction between solute and solvent, is crucial in determining E-ox. Considering its accuracy and reliability, the density functional calculation is recommended as a useful tool for screening electrolyte additives for LIBs. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.